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Your Growing Children: Vital Milestones from 0 to 36 Months

Jul 04, 2019

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Your child’s first year covers the most comprehensive list of milestones! As you watch them grow, it is crucial for every parent or guardian to watch for milestones that a child is meant to accomplish during that time. From birth to three months, babies look toward those who talk to them, respond to touch, kick and move around, have a varied sleeping pattern, make a variety of sounds, following a moving light with their eyes, and discover all fingers and toes. Between 3 and six months, babies may make eye contact, laugh by five months, follow moving objects and enjoy bright imagery, react excitedly, and turn to respond to noises and people. 


Around 6 to 9 months, babies begin to say words, may feel separation anxiety, engage in games and puzzles, begin to sit up, crawl, and move around, begin solid foods, begin to drink from a cup and more. In the three months leading up to their first birthday, they may love to cuddle, love chatting and being picked up, copy gestures, begin to point with their index finger, start standing up and even walking, find the toys they want, and perfect their fine motor skills. If you are concerned about your child’s inability to meet early childhood milestones, speak to their pediatrician. 


Between 1 and 2 years old, children will become quite active. They are moving freely, running, exploring, and climbing, and thinking only of themselves. Toddlers see everything as theirs, and this is just the beginning of what people call the “terrible twos.” The average 18-month old loves cuddles, expressing feelings including distress and greeting caregivers and family, and they should be learning to be fearful of danger or strangers. By 2, they play well alongside other children, but sharing can be difficult; a child should be able to speak two-word sentences, sing songs, and recognize body parts.


By the age of three, your toddler will want to be fully independent, can be very emotional, and, much like a teenager, need reassurance from parents and caregivers that they are loveable - this means lots of hugs and snuggles. Aside from being resistant, they begin imaginative play, try to copy adults, climb everything including stairs, dress and undress, feed themselves, and are incredibly active - even if it is dangerous for them. Potty training typically begins around this time.

Parents may send their children to an early learning centre as early as 6 to 8 weeks, or between the ages of 2 to 3 after they’ve been potty trained and are ready for their first years of school before Kindergarten. While these reflect normal development, every child is different. Speak to your child’s doctor before assuming your child has a delay.